1892 wooden ballot box

Iowa caucuses and the Shadow app: A lesson in critical infrastructure

On Monday 3 February 2020, Iowans caucused at almost 1700 precincts across the state to select their preferences among presidential candidates.  Three days after the Iowa caucuses, the final tallies for the Democratic presidential candidates remained incomplete.  The popular press blames a technical glitch in the Shadow app, but accountability resides with party leaders and…

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